Maslow and Hertzberg are those who defined the theory behind motivation with enough research on human psychology. Motivation is all about getting the driving force that helps the person in achieving personal and professional goals. Though other theories of motivation are considered, Maslow and Hertzberg theory brought out good change in the theory. The most widely compared features of these 2 theories are widely discussed all over.
Maslow came up with a pyramid that states the 5 important aspects of a person. It starts from basic/physical needs in the base, the security need on top of it, social needs, self-esteem and finally self-fulfilment. Each aspect is considered important and he details that these 5 are essential needs that helps in motivating a person.
On the other hand, Herzberg developed a two-factor theory of motivation. This explains the factors which motivate and satisfy the person. A list of satisfiers including growth, promotion, responsibility, work itself, recognition and achievement. Another list of hygiene factors including the personal life, working conditions, job security, status, supervision, relationship with co-workers, company policy and administration, pay and benefits.
Maslow is based on the human needs and the satisfaction factors, whereas Hertzberg theory is a 2 factor list with motivators and opportunities of growth (McLeod, 2007). Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs defines the personal needs and satisfaction with motivating the employees, Hertzberg refers the hygiene and motivating factors.