Martha(2012)将精准奶牛养殖解释为利用信息和通信技术(ICT)，以加强精细规模动物控制和物质资源的可变性，从而优化奶牛养殖场的环境、社会和经济效益。精准奶牛养殖是一种针对特定物种的精准家畜养殖方式(Sharma, 2015)。正如Mariam(2009)所指出的，前瞻性牲畜系统有效地解决了动物产品的输出系统、动物的生长、动物的行为、地方性疾病和牲畜建筑环境的物理问题。Kevin(2005)暗示乳制品生产商越来越多地采用精密技术，以提高对单个动物、围栏或群体的管理，管理整个农场和农场的总生产效率(Porcher and Schmitt, 2012)。对奶农而言，精准奶农相关技术有可能消除决策过程中的主观性因素。
According to Martha (2012), Precision dairy farming is explained as the utilization of information and communication technologies (ICT) for the purpose of enhanced fine scale animal control and of variability of physical resource in order to optimize the environmental, social and economic performance of the dairy farm. Precision dairy farming is an approach that is specific to species for farming of precision livestock (Sharma, 2015). As suggested by Mariam (2009), systems of prevision livestock have effectively addressed the output systems of animal product, growth of animal, behaviour of animal, diseases of endemic nature and the physical livestock building environment. It is implied by Kevin (2005) that precision technologies are increasingly implemented by the producers of dairy for the purpose of improvising the management of individual animal, pen or group management, managing entire farm and total production efficiency of the farm (Porcher and Schmitt, 2012). For the farmers of dairy, technologies associated with precision dairy farming holds the potential to eradicate the element of subjectivity from the processes of decision making.
This lowers the need for labour that is experienced and skilled in the management of animal as suggested by Frost (2011). Technologies generally enable the reduction of requirement for labour that is specialized or allows shifting its focus in order to accomplish higher amount of work by using less number of labourers. This notion is supported by Frank (2004). Utilization of technologies for the monitoring of animals within the farm is beneficial as long as the technology monitors in continual manner with regard to the parameters, reliability within the behaviour observation and describe the behaviours accurately with the help of algorithms of reliable manner as mentioned by Benchman (2008) (McDowell and Nash, 2012). The work routine can also be improvised in terms of efficiency if the technologies meet the level of reliability offered by the labours that are replaced. Enhancements made within the efficiencies of the work routine lowers the time needed for the completion of certain work, stress of the employees and deliver the operators time in order to shift the focus over alternative areas of function.