Earlier the wine production for commercial purposes was restricted majorly to the European countries. However with the increase in consumption of wine many countries have come forward with production of wine commercially. These include USA, Australia, Argentina, South Africa etc. There has been tremendous growth in this field in China as well, but it still lags behind these countries in terms of production capacity that has been developed.
China in the past was depending upon unique yet traditional methods for brewing of wines. Over the period of time, new technology has been introduced in this sector. The modern winemaking technology was introduced in China in early 1970, although first winery based on modern technology was built in 1892. The development of modern technology has been discussed with respect to the changes that have taken place and the opportunities which are being explored. Another aspect that is being considered is the technology which is being employed across the world in wine making. The complete process of wine making has been shown below where at each point application of modern technology can contribute.
As discussed above, the wine production is affected majorly by soil, climate and the grape variety. The application of technology with these three aspects has been discussed in this section.
Application of Technology in Soil Nutrients
Firstly, considering soil fertilizers is being used extensively. Fertilizers enable maintaining the soil composition. Excess use of fertilizer may not be advisable, but employing fertilizer for certain level may contribute to the growth and maintaining the quality of the grapes and eventually the wine.
Application in environment control
Second important factor is weather. It has been viewed that grapes are buried under the earth during cold weather season to protect the grapes extreme cold conditions. As discussed earlier China is located in high altitude region resulting in cold weather in most of the areas (Jiaqiang, Bernard & Plaisent, 2013). This has been studied and in order to maintain the temperature the fruits are buried at appropriate depth. Other methods to control the extreme conditions have been developed. Such introduction of technology to control the climate ensures that the cultivation period is increased which under natural conditions may be varying and sporadic. Further, it also ensures that standardization is as there will be little variation.