The demographic decline although quite lagging when compared to other nations such as Korea, will become more evident in current years. The working population of China is already seen to be higher than the elderly population and the students in education will become the working population by 2015, however national policies want its school leaving population to pursue higher tertiary education and hence they will become independent only around 2030. This could affect national economy (Yojana, 2012). However this agenda might never manifest as the enrolment rates are low in it-self.
The college goers of China were a hundred and thirty seven million in the year 2010. By 2020, the projections indicate that this would drop to about 109 million. The National college enrolment as noticed in the different provinces recorded various drop rates in 2012. There was a 10% drop rate in the Anhui province, a 6% drop rate in Beijing and around 12% drop rate was noticed in Shanghai (Yojana, 2012). The demographic decline in registrations and taking exams has led to private educational institutions already being converted into research systems. The number of overseas and international applications will also reduce, there will be more intensity for Universities to vie for student communities and this could lead to programs in colleges being customized for specific demands. The implications in the long term could be negative for China. In addition there could be an increased participation differential noticed based on the regions that could affect the economic development of specific regions of China.