泰勒 – 科学管理
The term motivation refers to a driving force which results into certain change from need to attempting to achieve (Carver & Scheier 2011). With time, the discussions on the motivation and the strategies that can be adopted to motivate have increased. Even in the work place, the employee motivation has become a central problem from each of the managers and leaders in 21st century. It is a well known fact that the unmotivated employees are more likely to produce low quality of work, exit the organization if offered with such opportunity, and spend no or little efforts regarding their duties. Thus, it becomes much more important to keep track of such employees and make them well motivated so that they can be productive, creative, and persistent.
The following report highlights the key features of motivation and also highlights the significance of the same. Further, it compares and contrasts the content and process theories, and chooses the most relevant one in the 21st century.
Taylor – Scientific Management
One of the earliest theorists is FW Taylor, who introduced the Scientific Management Theory in the context of motivation. Taylor was from US and also worked with Henry Ford as a line manager in the company. Within his scientific management theory, he stated that money is the only way to motivate and is the only motivator. Within this theory, it is argued that an individual must follow the approach of carrot and stick. The carrot and stick approach involves the rewarding of those persons who really work hard. This theory also stated that the person who does not work up to the expectations of company must be penalized. However, this theory was highly criticized and did not receive much support. The past has clearly demonstrated that it is not the money always that motivates the people, sometimes it’s self respect, family, love, patriotism, and other aspects as well. Thus, the theory does not hold true to each condition.