The emphasis in education industry has gradually shifted from teaching to learning and from teachers managing students to students maintaining their own direction (Argyris & Schön, 1974). In the past couple of decades, interest has developed in the education industry to let the students assess their own abilities as well as allowing other students to assess the work of a fellow student (known as peer assessment). At present, most reputed degree courses focus on the goal of making students a lifelong learner of new things and skills as well as an effective member in team environments. Such new goals of education industry represent the changing nature of degree courses and expectations of students pursuing such courses. The new goals of making the student a lifelong learner and a team-player emphasizes the need of peer-assessment in present day degree courses.
The practice of peer assessment is a method of including a new assessment criteria in degree programme in which students individually provide feedback for each-other’s contribution and skills. The procedure of peer assessment follows a pre-defined criteria by the education institute or university. A student is required to assess the other students on the basis of a pre-defined process. In most cases of peer-assessment, instead of including grades given by each individual students, an average grade value awarded by the complete group of students is taken into consideration for the degree programme assessment.
In the modern business industries, team value of an employee is desired more than the personal skill-set. Companies seek for employees who can produce good results in a team-environment instead of someone who is good with the skillset but struggles to produce results when working with a team. A lifelong learner, team-oriented, and good team communication skills are the top three qualities industry leaders look for in their employees.
Peer assessment is an effective tool for student assessment procedure as instead of focusing entirely on the skill set of the student, it allows the institute ability to assess the team-work and communication skills of a student.