工作设计和为某一特定工作组织要求个人如何工作可以设计和如何组织人力资源可以有效地设计（2003利奇和理查德森）。在维珍航空， 工作设计 主要是基于责任和熟练劳动力的专业化分离的核心原则。公司假定工作职责越明确，个人工作的效率和效率就越高。然而，经验表明，工作变得过于狭窄和专业化是可能的。
A core function of business management is organizing. Organizing is an essential function of management which allows developing and maintaining a business structure which allocates essential resources for achievement of objectives. The overall design of a company is a structure within which the overall effort is interlinked. Crucial decisions regarding operational functions of an organization are known as designs of organizational design making. From a business perspective, Organizing requires specification of all business jobs within a company. Quick decisions have to be made regarding the overall duties and responsibilities of specific designations and also the manner in which such responsibilities and duties have been carried out. According to Lijesen, Nijkamp & Rietveld (2002), the Airline business requires employees to be highly agile and dynamic. As a result, the functional manager of Virgin airways must ensure that business decisions have been made regarding the job designation and they can provide a specific structure to the job responsibilities of employees.
Organizing the level of any organization requires deciding how they can segregate the duties and jobs into specific departments for coordinating their effort with effectiveness. There are various ways through which Virgin airways can segregate the duties, for instance organizing job functions by customer service level, products or geographical segmentation. Many business organizations utilize specific methods of segregation and job designations.
Job design and organizing for a specific job requires how individual jobs can be designed and how human resources of an organization can be effectively designed (Leitch & Richardson, 2003). Within Virgin airways, job designation is primarily based on the core principles of segregation of duties and skilled labor specialization. The company assumes that the more specified the job responsibilities, the more effective and efficient the individual is at his job. However, experience has shown that it is possible for jobs to become too narrow and specialized.