## 加拿大论文代写-分层抽样和定性研究的方法

However, there are also non-probability based methods of sampling such as quota sampling, which first breaks down the population into various groups based on a certain attribute and then samples are taken. Convenience sampling is useful as it considers only those people who have answered the questionnaire. Case control sampling is another such method wherein we select the sample based on opposite sides of an attribute for a set of people.
Post deciding on the sampling methodology, the most important thing is the questionnaire, there are some basic hand rules which are helpful when creating a questionnaire. We should be unambiguous, ask simple and straight forward questions using simple language. There should be a clear purpose to the questions and should be framed to suit the knowledge level of the person answering the question. We should be doing several dry runs of the questionnaire, to get n overall feel and response to the same. Additionally, it’s important to follow up and make the questionnaire as readable and enjoyable to answer as possible. The outcome can also be in different ways, which need to be assimilated before the final analysis. However, the analysis can be of three types (L7: S8):
Univariate: This type of analysis measures variables accurately and in detail
Bivariate: This looks at pairs of dependent or independent variables to reach an outcome
Multivariate: This helps in analyzing the effect of more than one independent variable on a dependent variable
There are additional methods like the factor and cluster analysis, which helps you in either clubbing the variables which are related or in analyzing specific clusters of the samples in inferring on certain attributes.
Qualitative Research
Also, case narratives are of prime importance as there needs to be multiple perspectives of analyzing the case studies. Interviews are another way of analyzing more deeply towards the general attitude of the sample population. However, even if these methods can provide useful insights towards culture and some attributes which can be missed by just looking at numbers, we need to be careful in summarizing and collating all the feedback, as these tend to be qualitative responses and it is more difficult to compile such responses. One way to better organize data is to have codes demarcating specific chunks of information, so that it can be extracted easily. We also need to be cognizant of the fact if events are recurring and if there is some correlation or similarity between the events. This will help us in draw conclusions and inferences moving forward. The findings should also be in sync with the background research done on the topic. Also, we should be able to distinguish between repeated practices and rituals, meaning that something might have been followed as a rule or something might have just been repeated in the past few days or weeks due to special circumstances. There are different ways also to show the narrative, i.e., the story can be told in multiple ways. It could be either in the form of a drama showing day-to-day activities or it could be in form of a narration by a third person on the account. It could also be as highlighting only the major turning points in the researcher’s mind that has to be displayed in front of the individual. Lastly, the need to summarize the data, collate the findings from the interviews, narratives is crucial. This can be done by a simple quote or using a metaphor to impress upon the audience, the outcome of the research. This representation can be done in various ways 。

## 加拿大管理学论文代写-有关高露洁日用品的案例分析

The use of everyday products is what most of us take for granted. It is everyday products that are used the most and at the same time are not considered for their environmental impact. This essay is a case study analysis of a product that we use almost every day-toothpaste. In 2007 it was alleged that more than 300 people died because of the use of toothpaste which has diethylene glycol. This is a substance that is commonly made use of in antifreeze. The use of this substance could cause such issues as kidney failure, paralysis and more. In investigation on this allegation, it was established that the substance could not have been introduced after the toothpaste was manufactured; it was probable that the substance was introduced in the lifecycle of its manufacture (Delmas, and Blass, 2010). Not all toothpaste products could have a direct negative impact on the health of the individual or the environment, and only a sustainability triple bottom line analysis could reveal the negative impacts that such a production and lifecycle process might have. It is the intention of this chosen case study to not only include the negative impacts but also the positive ones.
Ecological / Environmental questions
The natural resource that goes into the product is something that cannot be replaced. These resources are however renewable. For instance, in the case of the product used in the form of palm oil the palm plantations can be grown again. However, the environmental impact element to be understood here is whether the products are having a higher demand than the rate at which they are manufactured. In the situation where there is a high demand, the rate at which the palm oil and other sources are manufactured will actually go down. So speeding up production will become necessary for manufacturing more of these sources, which would in retrospect lead to the problems of deforestation, climatic changes and more (Attaran, and Attaran, 2007). Colgate attempts to balance this by ensuring that there is a balance between the environment and the production and supply processes.
In order to reduce the greenhouse gases that are emitted, the company is seen to work with a project called the Carbon Disclosure Project’s Supply Chain Leadership Collaboration Project. This project was incepted in the year 2008 and is seen to create a form of awareness for its suppliers. In this program, it becomes easier for Colgate to understand the overall carbon footprint of all its suppliers. It was able to find out through surveys that around 85 percent of its suppliers could report on the direct sourcing and expenditures which would enable the company to understand the demand to sourcing relations. With these data forms, Colgate plans to achieve energy reduction in its manufactory and distributions. In particular, the company aims to work with a “Supplier Enhancement Program” where the overall competition among the suppliers would be increased but would be done in a way that sustainability becomes a key important criteria. This is now a positive end when it comes to the TBL as it is seen that the company directly encourages its suppliers to build on sustainability and also ensures that they focus on sustainability as a competitive advantage (Ethical Consumer, 2016).
Waste is produced from manufacture to the final disposal of the element. In the case of Colgate, the issues raised in terms of waste management shows that the company aims to reduce its wastes by focusing on the landfills created in production. As much as 10 percent in landfills are reduced now and the company aims to reduce further by more than 15 percent. While the company has been focusing on reducing wastage for years, it was the 2010 wastage reduction program that enabled the company to make the drive more formalized in structure. The company works with waste vendors who would be able to convert the waste generated into something useful. Also the company makes use of standardized scorecards that are useful to make the waste management policy more visible. The use of waste vendors can be considered as a positive step in TBL as the waste is converted to something useful for society (Choi, and Gray, 2008).

## 代写-国际关系和环境安全的相互影响

According to Borg, a well-known philanthropist and an environmental minister, the system of international cooperation has been marked through work of actors at international level. Even though the states in the international law are equal and have sovereignty, they are still far from being similar to be called single unit. They are different to one another not only in terms of resources but also with regard to the position occupied by them on values and beliefs. From his statement, it implied that international cooperation can be regarded as a response of natural nature on the collective action issues and general threats (Haas, 2010). According to him, furthermore, these states cannot be side-lined as there is a role for every state with stakeholders appearing crucial for efficient solutions achievement.
However, international cooperation requires that it is properly supported through rules. This indicates that the international environment protection agreements are such rules that help promote the international cooperation for protecting the environment and securing it.
Until 1970 international cooperation, meant only to have a focus over prevention of war and over growth of economy. Other international cooperation areas such as development of scientific nature and technological innovation were viewed as essential back then, and therefore, international cooperation was needed in this regard. In the year 1972, Human Environment Conference was held within Stockholm and in this summit, international cooperation started to develop for environment security (Imber and Vogler, 2003). For instance, this was the situation with regard to the issue of acid rain. This was a key concern for Stockholm and this issue also became the key focus of majority of efforts made in European cooperation. This led towards long range trans-boundary air pollution convention to develop.
In the context of America, mainly a bilateral dimension was taken up by acid rain and the issue started becoming a perspective of stress with regard to the negotiation between 2 nations, Canada and U.S.

2 decades after the conference of Stockholm, there already were 900 multilateral agreements for the environment with a bilateral dimension associated to them (Yoffe et al., 2003). Additionally, the conference of UN over environment security in the year 1992 was helpful in allowing the creation of connection between protection of the environment and development of social and economic nature. This is a conception which is subjected to distinct definitions with converging nature, but these have a focus over fostering socio-economic equitability and welfare also ensuring to protect and secure the environment. This became an essential component of the landscape of international cooperation. In addition, issues are regarding conflict of acute nature which emerged as a result of depleting natural resources started to be apparent (Ostreng, 2005). This issue became a component of the global landscape of cooperation. Concerns are connected to acute conflict, which additionally emerging as a result of depleting natural resources. It in turn led towards the formation of the environmental security notion to the agenda of international level.

## assignment代写-员工的读写能力和计算能力

Triantafillou and Potari (2010) conducted research to comprehend the role of the mathematical practices in real work and in the construction of the mathematical meanings for the completion of a job. Mathematics has become an integral aspect over the last decade. It has been observed that many perspectives that have been adopted in the recent years. These work content are hidden in the technological tools. These modulations of the actual work content have different shapes in differential setting. However, the ultimate lining of the mathematical notions continues to be the same. Based on this, the authors state that it is imperative to have literary skills and practical skills that the workers need to assimilate in order to survive in the current dynamics markets. The formulation of the mathematical constructions and practices in the telecommunication were analysed. From the one year ethnographic research study, it was concluded that technicians use of the mathematical meaning was based on the place value and algebraic relations. These were expressed through the personal algorithms and metonymic reasoning. Finally, it was alluded that the educational implications of the technicians played an important role.
From this research, it can be alluded that numeracy and literacy practice is mandatory for survival in any vocation. It is important to consider the ways in which the technical knowledge can be shaped. The cases for the Australian workers have been probed by the following researchers. These have been detailed in the following.
Yasukawa, Black & Brown (2014) have developed a theory that more must be done for the Australian workers to remain competent. Their research alludes that the people need to develop workforce literacy and numeracy. It was deemed in this research that each company had its own lean production methods. These were known as competitive systems and practices. Each vocation had certain policies that explore the ways in which the worker must possess certain qualifications. Nevertheless, in real world situation, was different. It was observed that several factors and qualities that were requisite for the workers to sustain in the current employment practice. These needs to be analysed and developed by each worker. These techniques need to be developed by each worker.
The Australian retail industry employs more than 1.2 million people. This employs the largest and diverse workforces in the nation. The diversity and size of the industry is reflected in the specific requirement for each company and its consumers. It is expected that each team member must bring unique skills for their experience. In some cases, the companies require additional assistance (Yasukawa & Black, 2016). Social literacy, practice is required for comprehension of this research. This involves the engagement of the people with the communities of interest and in the creation of the practioner-community relationship when the focus of the people was on the skills and comprehension of their culture that exists in the local place.

To summarize from the literature review, it is evident that each position requires a lot of skills that are dependent on each vocation. These skills need to be developed by each employee. However, to understand the nuances, it is important to consider each specific circumstance. This is the reason for factoring in the specific case study.

## 代写价格-思科的组织结构图

A business structure sets the foundational base of an organization and there are different approaches of organizational structure available for them. These are selected based on business requirements and preferences. The level to which a business lays emphasis either on organic or mechanistic system can have substantial variations. There can be relatively mechanistic systems in context with dimensions such as period of control, command chain, impersonality, procedures, rules, centralization and authoritative hierarchy. On the other hand, the organic system lays emphasis on the competence of individual employees, instead of their formal position across the hierarchical level. This involves the empowerment of employees for specifically dealing with major uncertainties involved.
During its initial operations, Cisco followed a mechanistic structure which lacked significant effectiveness. In the current scenario, Cisco has an organic structure in which the innovative ideas of lower management are strongly considered. Cisco has taken over an approach of organic structure in which there is involvement of lower managers in the process of decision making. This helps various business divisions and teams in implementing their innovations and ideas aligned with the long-term strategies. In the case of Cisco, there are multiple working groups, boards, councils and teams involved for the creation of vast internal integrated structures. This is allowing the company to make decisions at a faster speed referring to the right personnel for ensuring the agility of Cisco. This complex structure of Cisco supports it for entering new markets at a quicker rate. The key emphasis of Cisco is laid upon cross functional teaming and horizontal integration for enhancing the scope of agility.
Suitability of the Organizational Structure
The organic approach of organizational structure can be considered suitable for Cisco as the company grows from this structure in terms of direction, delegation, collaboration and coordination. In following a mechanistic structure, top ten corporate managers of Cisco worked collaboratively for developing strategies of new product design. Further ahead, orders were sent down by top management to lower hierarchy work force for implementing the main ideas. As a result of the organic approach, all of the top divisional managers do not have to compete for obtaining rightful resources and authority. With the approach of organic structure, Cisco enjoys the ability of sharing responsibilities and taking credit for the success of one another. Further ahead, the company is able to maintain strong social control instead of formal control. By the provision of more authorities and responsibilities for different divisions and teams in an organization, the creation of faster responses is possible in the case of decision making. This further supported the quicker establishment of new products related to an organization. As a result, the company successfully enjoys the benefits of increased agility and enhanced innovation (Galbraith, 2014). The most common attribute of mechanistic system is centralization while shared decision making and decentralization is crucially embedded in the case of organic system. There is distribution and better organization of regulations and rules from the headquarters to each and every department and office while reporting on individual basis across the hierarchy. Hence, it can be concluded that the organic structure is highly suitable perceiving the vast global operations of Cisco.

## 論文代筆-組織分析與理論應用的案例分析

The first issue was that the managers in the four departments are not working as a team effectively at Garden Depot. A team is referred to the group of people who are committed to achieving a given goal (Gregory, 2013). The leaders have the responsibility to define the goals, determine the needs of the team members and motivate them towards their goals. It has been found that if Derek is hired as the manager by Murray as the landscaping manager, then it will affect the work process of the organization. Derek has no work experience either in the management of the work and employees or the landscaping. The roles and responsibilities were not clear to Derek as a landscaping manager that is a major issue of affecting the work performance. The role conflict was experienced by Janice as she tries to complete the invoices of Derek and her work. It shows a lack of the coordination between the employees of the organization.
There is a lack of leadership skills in both Murray and Derek. The leaders play a significant role in guiding and motivating the whole team. Murray was not aware of the issues prevailing in the company and for this, Janice was frustrated and not able to find a solution for the issue. The conversation of Derek and Janice clearly shows that they do not care about the development of the organization. Communication issue is there because Derek and Janice have interpersonal communication issues. The flow of communication is very much important in an organization to carry out the work (Canada, 2016). There is a communication gap and low trust level between the members of the organization. Dave was inefficient in evaluating the performance of the employees and implementing reward program for them. The employees were ineffective in developing a team work and coordinate each other to solve all the issues. Janice has stated that many organizational issues have been raised affecting the quality of work and performance of the processes within the organization. The managers were not working as a team which shows ineffective work carried out by them. Appropriate training was not provided to Derek who leads to ineffective management of the work processes (Johns & Saks, 2008). Janice was working under huge pressure as she has to manage her work and invoice work of Derek. The team was not guided appropriately because there was a lack of leadership, knowledge and skills. The organization was facing huge difficulties due to conflicts, communication issues, lack of leadership and inefficient management.

The Organizational behaviour is one of the most important aspects of an organization. It helps in depicting the way that people of the organizations communicate within the groups. In the given case study of Garden Depot, there are various issues watched, and the key issue is the issue of nepotism, where the owner of the organization appoints his son-in-law, Dereck, as a landscape manager of the company. It is completely a case of nepotism where an unskilled and inexperienced individual who is not suited for the position is employed with this higher position. Hence, the key issue is inappropriate recruitment. The recruitment of Dereck as landscape manager without any prior experience and requisite skills for the specific position is considered as a big mistake. Besides this, he is irresponsible and lacking any leadership quality that creates lots of issue for the company and the company is losing a reasonable amount of money due to his incompetency (Kreitner, Kreitner & Kinicki, 2013).
The company Garden Depot is a successful organization, however, the company has been facing numerous issues because of its inappropriate organization behaviour. The company is a family owned floral company which was initially run by Mr. and Mrs. Murray, and eventually, it grows and has various departments like gardening, lawn care and landscaping sections. The organization has faced various problems as per the office manager Mrs. Bowman. The company is lacking from an effective leadership as Mr. Murray does not look after the operation of the organizations and the senior managers of the company cannot dare to complain against Dereck as he is the son-in-law of Mr. Murray, the owner of the company.
Besides this, it is evident that the team coordination is very poor in this organization, and for carrying out the operational activities of the organization, the team work is the most necessary. Among the various departments, the landscape department is very weak in this matter. Dereck is the head of the department, and he is incapable to establish a team. Hence, the company must find an alternative of Dereck and train the members of the landscape sections so that they can accomplish their tasks appropriately.

## 論文代寫行情-酒店問題的數據案例分析

The first problem is John who has been not static enough on one idea and test it, such as sticking to the idea of a good run restaurant.
Over spending on marketing by Mary was a grave mistake, even though she thought that marketing is not a cost and will be compensated. This is not right for a 20 room hotel which is competing with similar category hotel and in a small market. There are fewer exemptions for mistakes in a sensitive and small market, which Mary ignorantly committed.
Analysing the origin of problems
John sensed that the restaurant was not doing well or not fit to be run when it fell in its sales only a bit, which could actually have been due to natural economic shifts. Changing the restaurant plan abruptly led to the resignation of his reliable chef and the eventual close down of it. John seemed to be preoccupied with a notion of finding faults when the majority of things were going good with a small amount of unexpected events. These can always be accommodated as they may not be of an intentional nature, but being externally influenced. The processes were never in place for a long enough time for them to reflect their impacts on profits, because John and Mary kept on changing and intervening in them when there was a slight fall. Too much intervention leads to cluttered thinking, leading to ignorant decisions, often self-destructive in nature. They could have hired and retained good quality staff by learning from them and forming a committee of new ideas proposed by all heads of departments. Involving people in suggestions, decision making could have made an otherwise difference to the hotel than it did with their own intervention (Mauri, 2012).
What caused the problems?
The problems caused within the framework are the lack of proper belief in the authenticity of the processes which make things much simpler, and free the owners from their daily responsibilities. They did not have a proper HR system, and a team bonding program which was lacking and which bred more distrust within the team than trust, leading to simultaneous resignations. No single process was allowed to survive for substantial time until it was fully exploited and a conclusion was reached.
Other problems lie in the distrust of the Powers in delegating their responsibilities to more reliable and expert employees. They could have hired more knowledgeable and skilled employees than themselves to run the hotel instead (Hayes, Ninemeier & Miller, 2012).
The destination’s beauty and advantages were not fully exploited by the Powers, who always tend to go with the market flow. They could have explored the hidden treasures of the location by offering unique stay experiences, different from its rivals. In addition, the hotel did not develop one single core competency that could have made its regular clientele keep coming back, despite the slowdown. Building one or two superior market qualities makes the hotel survive turbulent times.

## 加拿大论文代写-电子商务时代

Another issue that scares the society is that the sellers receive the payment, but they did not dispatch the goods from the warehouse (Turban et al., 2015). One more issue can be cited into the list is that the society does not gets update regarding actual price of the goods at marketing which factually becomes advantageous for the sellers as they set up the price of the goods without following to the market price (Huang & Benyoucef 2013). By doing so, it creates huge profit for them. If the seller fraud the buyer, then the society will turn into having low standard. If this occurs extensively, then society will stop buying products from the E-commerce and establishing the faith once again will become more difficult.
Regardless, there are still other issues of E-commerce that put high impact on society. One of them is the shipping issues. In this context, the buyer will purchase goods from the seller globally reside, and it is the sellers’ duty to make the shipment delivered to the ordered address at right time. In shipping domain, the sellers need to have good data management so that information of the customers such as buyers’ names, buyers’ addresses, credit card information and contact information of the buyers can be secured.
Moderate variables: In case of moderate variables, e-commerce businesses can quote product search, product credibility, experience of the product, truthfulness of the retailer and payment method as the factors to best describe the functional values of E-commerce.
Government participation in e-commerce
Probably, there are wide ranging ways wherein governments become the active participants in E-commerce through their e-government activities. Here, the major emphasis was given to the five most significant governmental e-commerce activities which are telecommunications, online transactions for businesses as well as citizens, Government procurement, private sector e-commerce activities by governments and outsourcing of non-core governmental functions.
Telecommunications: Both e-commerce as well as E-government demands robust, reliable and secure telecommunications networks. In all cases virtually, government acts as the consumers of the telecommunication services as they seek out to establish web enabled governmental functions (Huang & Benyoucef 2013). This is the fact as governments want to launch internal data links for sharing databases or to allow the exchange of e-mail in between agencies and government departments. When governments wish to offer ready access to information or desire to facilitate the conduct of online transactions for their citizens, the telecommunications networks becomes more critical.

## assignment代写-中国能源消费现状

assignment代写-中国能源消费现状。中国，也被称为世界工厂，来自世界各国的各种公司在中国的工业区合并，以利用成本效益有效的资源，如劳动力。对于大多数西方公司来说，劳动力是负担得起的，因为他们的劳动警察无法吸引当地的生产(纽约时报，2007)。中国有13亿多人口，人口众多，似乎比其他任何国家都更容易获得足够的劳动力供应，这给了企业更好的议价空间。与此同时，FDI在国内具有许多促进作用，如创造更多的就业岗位，提高要素生产率，增加技术转让等(OECD, 2000)。然而，当不断扩大的外国投资和廉价劳动力继续推动整体经济快速增长时，政府等环保监管机构对经济增长与环境的和谐背道而驰，人们周围的环境受到了相当大的影响。为解决这一问题，政府试图引导无论是外国投资者还是国内投资者转移投资风能、太阳能等替代能源的方式(Frey 2014)。中国的工业增长使其成为光伏太阳能电池板和风力涡轮机制造商的领导者。此外，中国最近与俄罗斯签署了一项价值4000亿美元的天然气协议。

David Elliott (1997) pointed out that the issue of environment is remarkable from early 1970s; some of key problems even emerged earlier. For example, the ‘smogs’ of the UK, the damage suffered by Germany’s black forest. Recent years, with the development of merging market, the problem of survival environment have been concern more by many of the other countries, not only for developed economies, the issue of environment has up to the level of international (Frey 2014). By concern of the situation of Chinese environment pollution, one kind of energy is deserve special attention, because of this nation is the king of coal, not matter as a coal producer or a coal consumer, the statistics of Chinese coal have deeply influenced the world coal price, and nearly eighty percent of China‘s total electricity generation is coal-fired, as a type of fossil energy, continued using of coal-and lots of it will make a heavier burden for environment governance. (Buchan, 2010), not limited to the area of coal, from the report of EIA associated with total energy consumption from 2001 to 2011, Chinese oil, nature gas and nuclear energy are inevitably have the rising trend with the economic growth, EIA forecasts that growth in China’s demand for oil will account for 64 percent of increased oil demand of the world during 2011-2013, and natural gas production is more than tripled over the last decades, nuclear power was more widely used than before, as of mid-2012, China had 15 operating reactors, and 26 new one are under the construction.
With the increasing energy consumption in China, the conflict between economy demand and society and environment harmony is increasingly prominent. Chang (2010) have found out that in long run and short run Chinese CO2 emission continue to increase along with the rapidly economic advance and energy consumption. More and more CO2 emission impact on climate change in Asian region, further accelerating the trend of global warming. Another point need to be concerned is because of China’s air pollution, resulted from unlimited use of dirty energy, human health in China will confront a new threat. According to China Daily, premature death related to PM2.5, which is the main source of air pollution in China in major 31 Cities have reached 257,000, making it become a major killer equivalent to smoking (Frey 2014). Evidence shows that the death rate of haze period of China is much higher than non-haze period, unfortunately, Guangzhou have average of 278 days of haze period each year, like many other cities in China.
Regarding China’s domestic enterprises of energy industry, there are also several reasons giving rise to increasing energy consumption, mainly it because the efficiency of using energy for Chinese companies is far lower than the companies of developed countries, lead to the creation of more pollutants, with the expansion of production, discharge of pollutants is difficult to get scientific and effective supervision. In addition, many Chinese enterprises blindness pursuit of economic interests, however ignoring the sustainability development of their own and enterprise moral education and corporate social responsibility.
Many measures in China have been used to control energy consumption, in this dissertation, influences of accounting audit system will be considered as major research direction.

## 加拿大代写assignment：游戏开发程序

A key part is played by the customers to develop the entire culture of fantasy around the gaming procedure. As it has been illustrated out before, the game targets individuals with a will and ability of investing 22 hours per week average within the game and for those who are involved in fantasy. The group is so much focused and engaged that it leads towards creating more video game experiences at a consistent manner around their already prepared games. Merely, Blizzard helps in facilitating the community as it is known over their website through moderating and hosting informational pages (Mullins et al., 2012). This allows the company to stay in connection with their customers on a consistent basis. The game consumption process furthermore, also has much flexibility so as to meet the distinct needs of the customers. It initiates even prior to players who connect with the universe of video gaming provided by Blizzard Entertainment.

They first are able to select over which server they desire playing. Every server consists of distinct possibilities and rules. Players then get immersed in a constantly illuminating environment with world interactivity where each action has a real influence over their individual development and the world external to them. As per the researcher, Levine (2007), the game has a unique intelligent rule set which makes it fun when playing for people that only started as players but have now reached the top rank eventually. This allows the company to connect its processes with the outlined product and the product with the system of pricing (Kotler, 2012). This allows in turn aligning their processes with their marketing strategies.