It has been argued that by distributing of power, there could be procedural justice. When more players are introduced in this system there is higher chance that the individuals would fear to act in fear of retribution. This implicitly leads to higher levels of transparency in different multiparty democracy. This enables illegal actions to go public (Hill, 2003). This could be detrimental to the self-serving officials in the system (Svensson, 2005). This level of corruption varies with regime type within which it occurs. Hence, corruption can happen in the societies in either way. This basically depends on the aspects of legal system and its implementation process (Chowdhury, 2004). Implementation of the existing laws should ensure that people will be judged harshly in the court of law. There should be a better justice system to ensure that the people indulging in corruptive practices are brought to light. This creates a primal fear of being caught. Apart from this the people committing corruption should be made to feel wary about the negative publicity that entails for being corrupt. They should hesitate to indulge in unethical practices (Treisman, 2000). Historically, it has been observed that the law that is developed by judges and aristocracy is to protect themselves from being exploiting and maunievring the rules. This is the so called common law system. Higher officials try and manuver the system for personal gain. This is negative, when related to the level of corruption (La Porta et al., 1999) This action are seen to be in practice countries such as United Kingdom and in some colonial nations (Chowdhury, 2004). On the other hand, higher-level officials, who are paid to supervise the procedure of law implementation, are given discretionary powers. In this situation they are more likely to be corrupt themselves. Hence, corruption becomes a discretionary tool for the judges and other people in power.
From the views of Economic Man, those who cross ethical line to maximum their profit are most likely to corrupt. When government intervenes it has been observed that the market economy to prevent free entry. Economic agencies or officials will seek rents that higher than average from firms and corporations. Similarly, trade barriers is a source of rent brought out by government, it encourages firms to obtain trade allowance by the ways of bribery. This again climb the possibilities of high corruption rate in the individual areas (Lambsdorff, 2002). Some studies have shown that lesser the governmental control over business operations, lesser corruption has been observed in those scenarios (Gerring, & Thacker 2005). Besides, it is acknowledged that wages of a civil service is another incentive that defines how corruption is practices in the individual countries. Low wage necessitates civil servants to accept bribes. This is seen pronounced in cases where the cost of being caught is lower than they expected (Mahmoudi, 2014)). High wages, in contrast, sometimes is above the official’s opportunity wage, so the possibilities of bribery will be largely reduced. Ideally, people in every level will behave honestly and impede corruption around them (Treisman, 2000). Another ideology proposed by Mauro (1995) holds the view that higher wage matches with the higher cost of bribery. This is due to the increase in the discretionary powers of the officials. This in turn boosts the level of corruption in the societies. There are multiple ideologies that have been proposed to combat corruption in the areas.
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