论文代写-全球经济下移民迁移的情况分析。全球经济在这方面的影响并不十分强烈。然而，全球化的某些特征确实有利于移民。迁移的原因要么是“拉”，要么是“推”，要么两者兼而有之(Deshingkar & Grimm, 2005)。“吸引”移民的原因围绕着全球企业带来的新就业机会。例如，在印度的大城市，随着技术园区(多国办事处集群)的增加，对低技能工人的看守和警卫的需求也在增加。这种需求往往导致劳动力从周围的城乡结合部转移，以增加劳动力供给，满足需求。另一个例子可能是发展中国家正在萌芽的创业气氛。
Recently, with the advent of cab-based start-ups like Uber and Ola cabs, the demand for drivers has increased. It should be noted here that both while Uber is an international company, Ola follows a similar model which is probably inspired from Uber. This has increased the demand for cars and drivers in the cities where these are operational. This also fuels migration internally.
The second reason is the “push” reason. Most of the rural based labours are employed in the agricultural sector. However, agriculture in most developing countries is quite backward and offers only limited opportunities of job and income. They severely depend on monsoon or rain for irrigation, have limited access to advanced technologies and are often surrounded by middle men to send their products to the market. This handicaps them to a large extent prohibiting their successful expansion. So, migration is seen as an escape from the poor situation of being stuck in agriculture.
The purview of the essay so far has been on internal migration. Internal migration is usually limited to low-skilled labour. The reason behind this is that within a country the flow of labour is free. Across countries, there are more restrictions because of work-permit and visas both of which require access to money as well as information. External migration of low-skilled labour occurs only across countries which have permit relatively freer flow of labour. In India for instance, labour freely (or nearly freely) migrates from neighboring countries like Bhutan, Nepal and Bangladesh. In the developed countries like the EU, a relatively freer flow of labour is allowed across the nations constituting them. When, however, the migrants have access to information and money, they might move to countries that offer a better life and better wage compensation. UAE for instance is one of the choice destinations of migration from certain states of India mainly because they have their relatives working there which provides both the necessary money and information to migrate to a different country. In essence, low-skilled labours majorly stick to internal migration and rarely move on to external migration unless there is a free-flow of labour allowed across the countries.
External migration of the low-skilled labour can also be considered a two-step process. In the first step, they migrate from a state of low information and money to a state of higher information and money which is equivalent to migrating from rural to urban areas. The second step would be the use of this information to migrate from the home country to a different country.
External migration of skilled labour follows a different rule altogether. Skilled labours usually have better access to both money and finances and information. They have the necessary skill to lead a better life in a different country and the ability to overcome the barriers they face while migrating. Their migration is usually governed by economic motives like better jobs or better career in a developed country. Usual pattern of migration of skilled labour follows moving form a developing country to a developed country for the latter offers a better job scenario with better wages. Albeit the cost of living in a developed country is higher but they also have a higher demand for skill and higher wage rates which usually compensate for the higher cost of living.