The particular part however, deals with or rather reveals about the ignorance and the misconnection that is there among the values, beliefs and the policy preferences, who pays less or little attention to the public affairs and the policies that are there. Moreover, it reveals the fact that among the better informed people there is a kind of misperception and this particular misperception is actually a politically motivated misperception. Therefore, at the end, the latitudes of the political elites are retained and the policy ends of these people are only pursued.
In the year 2001 and 2003, the Congress and the President Bush brought two important tax cuts or rather introduce them in the nation. The word “tax cut” apparently sounds good, but later on it was found out that it is good for mostly the affluent people living in the economy not so much for the middle class and the lower income group people. According to various official reports and especially according to the report of Institute of Taxation and Economic Policy, it has been found out that the introduction of the new tax cut reduce 25% burden of tax pay for the richest people there in the economy, who accounts 1% of the total population. 21% burden of taxpaying was reduce for the next richest people who actually account 4% population of the nation and reduce only 10% burden of the other tax payers, who is generally there at the bottom line and account for 95% of the total population is in the country (Bartels, 155).
The most surprising thing that was quite noticeable in this case is that even though the particular policy was actually for the good of the wealthy people in the society, the ordinary Americans have an inclination towards the Egalitarian view this particular or these two policies did not received any opposition or rather very little opposition in that sense. Rather a kind of support was there by the people who are there, or rather by the ordinary Americans there in the society. Bartels argued that the people actually supported this tax cuts not only because they were indifferent to the economic inequality, but also these people had failed to bring in relevant or important values against the formulation of the policy preferences there
Another irresponsive behavior of the public came into front when most of the ordinary Americans made a strange repeal for the Estate tax. Even though most of the Americans, especially with lower income level, did not used to come under the Estate Tax or rather had to bear the burden of the federal tax, they made an appeal to the government for the Estate Tax, which was by then a “death tax” in the country. Bartels argued that most of the people in the US supported the Estate Tax because they did want to bear the burden of the federal tax law. Although they did not spare a thought about whether the current law is burdening them or the richer people who are there in the society, they did not even think about whether it would lessen their burden or the burden of those people who belongs to the affluent class of the society. According to Bartels, the ideology or the partisanship did not played an important role in the Estate Tax repeal rather what played an important role in this case is the attitude that the Americans have towards their own tax burden and this had ultimately resulted in this strange and the popular appeal that was made by the ordinary Americans who resides in the country (Bartels, 175). According to one of the surveys conducted during that time, and whose evidence could easily be found in the book, Unequal Democracy, states that; when the common people are asked about whether or not they support the Estate Tax repeal, many replied that they did not have much idea about it. Almost 19% of the people came up with this answer. Therefore, it can be said that the ordinary Americans in this case did not have an appropriate and the responsive attitude towards the whole things or the procedure. Thus, the ordinary tax payers failed to notice that in the long run the Estate Tax would decrease or rather reduce the burden of the wealthy tax payers who are there in the society and it would not affect them much.