The discovery of America by Columbus was the most important moment for the historical period of Europe. It has more importance in America. As in many parts of continent, Columbus Day is a national holiday. For Columbus this discovery was alsovery important, as he believed that finding natives is the greatest finding done by him. He thought that he could start a new slave trade from there. But he was very disappointed when Queen Isabel I declared that New World would not be opened for the slave trade. Till his dying day, Columbus never believed that something new has been discovered by him. He always believed that he had discovered some unknown part of the Far East. This monument in Barcelona is also the reminder of the failure of the voyage of Columbus to find spices. During his stay in the continent, he also kidnapped many Native Americans, so that he could take them back to Spain and keep them as slaves. But during the journey, only eight of the Native Americans could survive.The Monument of Columbus in Barcelona was established to honor him for his greatest discovery of America. This monument is also called as Mirador de Colón is 60 m tall. The bronze statue of Columbus, which is 7.2 m (24 ft), is situated at the very top of the 40 m tall Corinthian Column.
The credit of sculpturing this statue goes to Rafael Atché. The statue shows Columbus pointing with his right hand towards the New World. He is also holding a scroll in his left hand. It is believed the instead of pointing towards the west for the New World, the statue is seen pointing towards east, which could be towards his home in Genoa. However, all these beliefs are not true as the statue points towards southeast. It is believed that Columbus is pointing towards the coastline emphasizing on his great discovery. The column of the monument hung on the anchor. This column stands on the octagonal pedestal. The pedestal shows the four winged victories, which could be seen as flying in four different directions of the world. These winged victories stands above the paired griffin. There are four buttresses standing against the pedestal bear the portraits of the people, who were related to Columbus. These people were Isabella I of Castile, Father Juan Pérez, Father Antonio de Marchena, Andrés de Cabrera, Marqués de Moya, Ferdinand II of Aragon, Vicente Yáñez Pinzón, Martín Alonzo Pinzón, Beatriz Fernández de Bobadilla, Marquessa de Moya.