此外,有一些危险和不良选择将出现在这种情况下,由于所有权和控制权的分离。是因为,如果高管将持有股票,那么他们将被视为一个所有者,主要会影响组织的决策。,决策制定和控制之间的冲突问题也会产生在组织内(McGuigan moy &哈里斯,2010)。因此，这个问题是一种在苹果公司的委托代理问题。在这种情况下,道德危害与所有权和控制权和逆向选择的决定做出申请,如果高管将持有公司的股票。
这个问题存在于大多数组织的雇员和雇主的关系,因为它创建了一些问题代理理论的道德风险和逆向选择问题。苹果公司的道德风险是减少利润,收入和收入由于所有权的分离。此外,可能会有一些相关的逆向选择购买袜子的复杂的执行官,谁可能会干扰组织的决策。公司的高管可以容纳太多的股票,主要代理问题;因为行政和业主将同一个人(卡德 & 霍姆斯特龙,2011)。
In the current business environment, the organizations have several principle agent problems. For example, Apple Inc. faces the problem in hiring the people, because it wants that its people do work on behalf of it to achieve its objectives. So, the organization is considered as a principal and its people are hired as its agents (Worstall, 2013). Apple wants that its executive must hold the organizational stock and have some ownership in its profits, so they can work effectively and collectively.
In addition, there are some hazards and adverse selections which would arise in this situation due to separation of ownership and control over the organization. It is because; if the executives would hold the stock then they would be considered as an owner and principal and they would interfere in the decisions of the organization. And, the problem of conflicts among the decisions making and control would also generate within the organization (McGuigan, Moyer & Harris, 2010). Thus, this problem is a type of principal agent problem in the case of Apple Inc. In this case, both moral hazards related to ownership and control and adverse selection of decisions making apply, if the executives would hold the stock of the company.
This problem is found in most of the organizational employees and employers relationship, because it creates some problems agency theory problem of moral hazard and adverse selection. The moral hazards in Apple are reduction in profit, revenues and income due to separation of ownership. In addition, there may be some adverse selection related to buying of stocking by a sophisticated executive, who may disturb the organizational decisions. The executives can hold too much stock of the company that would be principal agent problem; because the executive and owners would be same people (Cudd & Holmstrom, 2011).