Historically, since the 1960’s the activity of commercial exploitations of Indonesia forests has been prominent and has been growing ever since, which has made Indonesia in becoming a world leader in exporting tropical timber to various parts of the world (Sunderlin and Resosudarmo, 1996). In 1994, Indonesia earned almost $ 5.5 billion dollars of revenue through wood and wood products export (Country Report: Indonesia 4th Quarter, 1995). So this is one of the major contributors and the historical evidences of the thriving of the deforestation problem in Indonesia. The World Bank reports that there are almost 700,000 people who are employed in this industry (The Economics Of Long Term Management Of Indonesia’s Natural Forest, 1995). The employment being provided by the deforestation drive in a way keeps the government away from less distribution of funds in social spending and keeps their priority investments targets under control. So since the drive provides a lot of employment to thousands of people, it is evident that the government will also enhance and support the drive, because sudden increase in unemployment will cause a big burden on the government’s financial standing. Besides, socially, the local community has been deriving their daily sustenance from these forests and the subsequent decrease in forests area along with the increase in commercial logging and agriculture it is very tempting to link the commercial logging and deforestation, since it provides some significant evidence in various past studies. Politically, the country and the region has been effecting such drives because of their results and decisions which encourage businesses and industries to set up base there and remove all the forests in the vicinity of their unit. So, political, social, and economic profits being desired by the government are contributing to the deforestation drive in Sumatra and the whole of Indonesia.