Othello’s insecurity surrounded his dark complexion while his wife Desdemona is fair. Moreover, Othello was much older than Desdemona. This difference triggered a scope for Desdemona finding someone fair and young like her and choosing him over Othello, in Othello’s mind. This insecurity was further triggered by Brabantio, Desdemona’s father and Venetian senator who though reluctantly accepts Desdemona and Othello’s union, utters an unjust speech during their departure from Venice. “Look to her, Moor, if thou hast eyes to see; She has deceived her father, and may thee” (Brabantio, Act I, Scene III).
Othello was a brave general but with crippling in securities, which was the ultimate cause of his downfall. His insecurity about his race and related appearance was taken advantage of racist the play like Lago who used it to manipulate Othello out of his disgust of having to follow the orders of a black. “In following him, I follow but myself” (Lago, Act I, Scene III). The character of Othello as Shakespeare himself put it was aloof being amidst. The personality of Othello was a reflection of his experience. His past experiences built up the insecure personality in him. Briefly, the conscious image Othello had of himself was impacted by the image the people around him held of him.
Roderogo and Lago refer to Othello as an ‘old black ram’ or ‘the Moor’ at the beginning of the play, which is clearly indicative of the racially segregated society around Othello and the way a majority of it looks upon him. The Duke praises Othello on his achievements and Othello is looked by many as an honorary military man, irrespective of his race, which encouraged Othello to be confident about himself. However, other morally dubious characters like Lago and his wife Emily.