领导者可以部署多种技术来对项目组成员进行权力和控制。领导者拥有合法权力，由于对项目全面负责，因此有权要求团队成员在周末登录更多的时间，以确保达到最后期限。他们可能会选择惩罚错误的团队成员从事非生产性工作，如果需要的话，可以把他们从项目中拿走。领导者在技术上展示他们的技能对于同事们的尊重作为专家是非常重要的。期望理论的组织理论指出，人们对可实现目标的奖励反应良好（Wanous，Keon and Latack 1983，p74）。领导者确保项目团队成员的奖励，表彰和晋升的能力也是他应该具有的权力能够在团队中锻炼。
Leader can deploy multiple techniques to exercise power and control over the project team members. Leaders have legitimate power, by virtue of overall total accountability for the project and hence have the mandate to request team members to log in more hours in office over weekends etc. to ensure deadlines are met. They may choose to punish errant team members for non-productive work and take them off project, if require. It is often important for the leader to showcase their skills technically to leverage respect from fellow team members as an expert. Organizational theory of Expectancy Theory states that people respond well to rewards associated with achievable targets (Wanous, Keon and Latack 1983, p74).Leader’s capability to ensure rewards, recognitions and promotions for the project team members is also an indicator of the power he shall be able exercise on the team.
Once the team is set up and motivated enough to start execution, it is vital to set up mechanisms to monitor periodically the performance of the team. Leader’s involvement in setting up key performance indicators for the project team members and overall team productivity is essential to ensure acceptance by the team to these parameters. Leaders must engage external stakeholders to conduct regular impartial audits based on the performance criterion and take feedback from the team members. This shall ensure a cohesive high performance team working together to achieve the project objectives.
In the phase of project execution, leader’s role is more of a coach and a facilitator to allow team members to take charge of their responsibilities, but often there shall be conflicts within the team. Reasons could be technical disagreements between experts, contradictory priority tasks or schedule issues. In such scenarios, leader has to be alert enough to conduct meetings with relevant stakeholders quickly and take actions to resolve this conflict.