It can be stated that the power culture that Apple was able to develop in the previous leadership era had a number of disadvantages. These included creativity and initiatives of employees being under-utilized, high degree of risk related to decision making process and no criticism from lower management risk being faced by decisions of the leader. Organizational change takes place as a response to a changing environment or as a reaction towards a current situation of crisis. The factors that influence effectiveness of organization are widespread. Other key elements include incentive systems and structure.
Apple has been recognized for its innovation and path-breaking products. This is due to its organizational culture which is driven by the passion of employees facing challenges and grabbing opportunities. Before initiating cultural change, it is important to assess current organizational culture of the organization. There are two main problems that an organization might face in initiating cultural change. This involves pushing the organization towards a different direction, and preventing the organizational culture from being changed. Cultural change has also been stated as development and transformation of organization. Irrespective of the kind of change that has to be adopted by an organization, several problems are faced by the management in bringing the change. In order to make the change in an effective manner, Lewin’s “Force Theory of Change” can be adopted. New rules must be formed, regulation of new behavior of member directly, and reinforcement of adequate responses must be done. These are all possible ways for internalizing new behavior or value within the organizational culture.