超现实主义的视觉艺术在美学上是破天荒的，而不是像达达主义者那样的嘲弄。超现实主义者打算做深刻的艺术并赋予其意义。查尔斯·米利亚德（Charles Milliard）曾经提到“超现实主义不断寻求使生活艺术和生活成为艺术”的运动。也被称为“超现实主义流行音乐”的布雷顿（Andre Breton）是该运动的主要理论家和创始人。超现实主义首先是通过文学，然后通过绘画发起的。他于1924年在他的“Manifeste du Surrealisme”宣言中定义了这种新的艺术形式，后来他的绘画被命名为“Surrealisme et la Peinture”。 RenéMagritte是着名的超现实主义艺术家之一，创作了许多精彩的画作。他以其令人难以置信的艺术挑战他的观察家而闻名。本文将讨论Andre Breton和RenéMagritte对超现实主义艺术形式的艺术作品和贡献。
Surrealism was a philosophical and literary movement that was initiated by Andre Breton, which became an art movement. It was also the major and last art movement, which was associated with Ecole de Paris. From there it spread through Europe and became one of the influential art form. The prior Dadaist movement completely rejected the rationality of the society and was the form that was entirely irrational. Surrealism was the art form that responded to the shortcoming of the Dada and combined the thoughts of conscious and unconscious of mind to form impossible hitherto art form. Andrew Breton has stated that:
“SURREALISM, noun, masc. Pure psychic automatism by which it is intended to express, either verbally or in writing, the true function of thought. Thought dictated in the absence of all control exerted by reason, and outside all aesthetic or moral preoccupations.”
The Surrealist Manifesto, André Breton
Surrealism visual art was ground-breaking and advent-grade in its aesthetics and not a mockery like Dadaist. The Surrealists intended to make profound art and give meaning to it. Charles Milliard had stated about the movement that “Surrealism constantly sought to make art of life and to make of life an art.”Andre Breton who is also known as the “Pop of Surrealism” was the chief theorist and the founder of the movement. Surrealism was firstly initiated through literature and then through paintings. He defined this new art form in 1924 in his Manifesto “Manifeste du Surrealisme” and later the bulletin of his paintings that was named as “Surrealisme et la Peinture”. René Magritte was one of the famous surreal artists who had created many wonderful paintings. He was famous for challenging his observers with his incredible art. This paper will discuss the Art work and contribution of Andre Breton and René Magritte to Surrealist Art form.