Leaf color: In the rainforest environment, the leaves are usually colored anywhere from brownish shades, to pale and dark green leaves. The chlorophyll variation will depend based on how close the vegetation is to the ground (meaning it might not have proper access to sunlight) or it might be taller vegetation. Leaf Shape: The leaf shapes are usually thicker and might have hard leaf like stems. This is necessary to stand the rains. In rainforest plants like the Celery Top Pine, they are shrubby at the top. This is not only to ensure that the plants get enough sunlight from its leaves clustered at the top, but would also serve to reinforce the plant from the effect of rains. Drip Tips: Plants in the rainforest adapt to the rainforest by means of having leaves that have what are called the drip tips. In the data collected on the celery top pine, the southern sassafras, myrtle beach and the soft tree, the drip tips can be noticed in the leaves. Mallee is the name given to the vegetation growing in areas where there are Mallee Eucalyptus. The Mallee area are very flat areas and the soil is salty and shallow often seen to be grown with algae or the crust variety of lichens. The soil in the Botanic Garden where the plants are grown is specially treated to reflect the nature of the Mallee soils.
Plant adaptions hence are genuine adaptations made according to the soil type. Leaf Color: The leaf color of the Mallee plant ranges anywhere from light to dark green as seen in the case of the Malle shrubs and the Needle Wattle. Leaf Shape: The Mallee plants will often have tiny leaf structure as this helps them conserve water loss. Water loss conservation is also done by rolling of leaves. During the day times, the leaves might roll in order to stop its constant exposure to the sun. In the data collected, Mallee shrubs such as that of the Phebalium species present themselves with rolled up leaves. The needle wattle and the Cactus Bossiaea have flattened shrunk leaf like structures. Leaf texture: Some plants like the Emu bush will have waxy cuticles on its leaf; this form of a texture will be helpful to disperse light by reflection and hence water is saved. Hair on Leaves: Some of the Phebalium species also has white hair on the surface of the leaf. The white hair will ensure there is restricted movement around the leaf and hence there will be lesser water loss. Seed or Cone Shape: Plants such as the Scrub Cypress Pine has its seeds in cone like structured. This is to ensure that the seeds of the plant do not dry out.