Cultural anthropology –Background
The current population has decreased to 12.6% and is living in southern, northeast, Midwest and western states of America; it was lowest in the year 1930 with a total population of 9.7% (Bodley, 1996). They had to face a lot of friction in the American society due to their Black color and slave origin, but in the late 1950’s Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. led the biggest revolution of American Blacks for their equal treatment in the society.
Current day scenario on this topic is, that now there is a vast acceptance of Blacks in America, with Barack Obama as the first Elected Black President of The United States of America, but there are still some areas in USA where the Afro – Americans feel themselves as the 2nd class citizens. In the past they had to face problems like inequality, poverty, starvation, their children were rejected the right to education and many more adversities, but now the condition is far better than what it used to be in the past. Now these people are contesting elections, earning well, children are going to the schools along with other children of their age group and they are also getting equal health facilities like any other US citizen. Overall, the situation of the American Blacks is far better now than what it used to be in the past (Bodley, 1996).
Social Exclusion: Racial separation isolates communities from resources needed for livelihood. This can be noted from the fact that African Americans live mostly in poorer areas as compared to other races of same economic status. This separation also restricts opportunities of schools, employment, health etc.