Indonesia has been home to a large biodiversity zone which is so significant in maintaining the climate and weather in the surrounding regions. Zhao et.al (2006) maintains that Asia is home to almost 50% of agricultural land and it is experiencing dramatic land use transformations. Much of this has to do with the economic progress Asia has made including Indonesia which has opened up to foreign investments in many sectors. Indonesia is home to many large rivers like Lake Toba, which provides flora and fauna to innumerable species that survive and depend on it, and unfortunately these rivers has been severely affected due to human induced land use policy (Hillstrom & Hillstrom, 2003). The deforestation rate in Indonesia has become a nation and international issue, since it is accommodating large multinationals into its vast tracts of agricultural land and thereby increasing the rate of deforestation. The thriving of the logging industry is another cause of the high amount of deforestation. The source of the existence of the logging industry is the demand for wood in the international markets and unlimited greed of local business men to make faster money by cutting down trees and selling the wood. These incidents and events cannot thrive without the assistance of government officials, especially the forest department which is in charge of the activities on its land. Resosudarmo et.al (2012) notes that much of the land in Indonesia outside Java is being forced to be converted into mining, plantations and agriculture which has seen the reduction in the forest region. They also notice the economic interest behind such moves and that both the government and the local businesses are together in making these changes. The government is allowing local businesses and international companies to set up their industries in their region and the selection of these locations is often the rural regions containing the forests, agriculture, and small and local community locations. The thriving of the palm oil industry in Indonesia along with Malaysia is a controversial issue because with the economic benefits of the industry, there comes a lot of human impacts on the long term like destruction of local habitat and agriculture, forced eviction of local communities and suffering from human rights abuses, and polluting waterways through improper disposal of effluents released through its production (Greene, 2013).